How to Eliminate Acne Scarring
Acne (acne vulgaris) is a skin condition characterized by inflamed pustules that can lead to scarring in severe cases. It's generally caused by excess oil in the skin which can block the pores. Acne may also be exacerbated by the presence of certain bacteria in the skin. You can eliminate acne scarring by several medical procedures including dermal fillers, dermabrasion, laser resurfacing, excision and chemical peels.
Consider dermal fillers. This technique involves injecting a substance under the skin in order to fill out the pitting caused by acne scars. Collagen is the most common dermal filler but other choices include silicon, polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and the patient's own fat.
Select dermabrasion. This method of eliminating acne scars uses a tool with a rapidly rotating head to abrade the top layers of skin. The results of dermabrasion are highly dependent upon the operator so this procedure should only be performed by an experienced dermatologist.
Choose laser resurfacing. A laser may also be used to remove the top layers of skin. The laser produces light with a wavelength that's absorbed readily by the skin. This heat vaporizes the skin down to the desired depth, which then heals without the scarring. Laser resurfacing generally requires a longer recovery than dermabrasion.
Remove keloid scars with excision. Hard, raised scars called keloid scars may be removed with surgery. The dermatologist simply cuts out the keloid scars and stitches the wound closed.
Try a chemical peel. Apply a solution of glycolic acid to the skin and wait for the time specified in the instructions. The acid will dissolve the top layers of skin and will be removed when the solution is peeled off. Home chemical peels range from 10 percent to 20 percent solutions, while chemical peels used by dermatologist may have a concentration of up to 70 percent.
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