Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

How to Avoid Hyperpigmentation

How to Avoid Hyperpigmentation How to Avoid Hyperpigmentation

Overview

Hyperpigmentation, or melasma, refers to dark areas and brown spots on the skin. According to the Beverly Hills Dermatology website, hyperpigmentation is caused by the excess production of melanin, the pigment produced by the body which determines skin, eye and hair color. Sun exposure, hormones and direct injury can all lead to over-production of melanin, which in turn results in hyperpigmentation.

Step 1

Protect your skin from the sun. To prevent hyperpigmentation from sun damage, always wear sunscreen, preferably with an SPF of 15 or higher, and a wide-brimmed hat, Also, try to avoid the sun during the peak hours of 11 a.m. to 1 p.m. According to the American Osteopathic College of Dermatology, you should choose a broad spectrum sunscreen that protects against both UVA and UVB rays. Avoid tanning beds, which can also lead to hyperpigmentation.

Step 2

Prevent acne breakouts. According to the Beverly Hills Dermatology website, preventing acne is key to avoiding hyperpigmentation. Acne causes injury to the skin, which in turn can stimulate melanin production and lead to brown spots. Effective treatment of acne breakouts before they flare out of control will help reduce the chance of injury-related hyperpigmentation. In addition, protecting your skin from other types of injury, like ingrown hairs, bug bites and cuts, may also help prevent hyperpigmentation.

Step 3

Be cautious with medications, especially those containing hormones, like birth control pills, which can trigger hyperpigmentation. According to the Israel Journal of Medical Sciences, minocycline, a drug used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, may cause hyperpigmentation in as much as one third of patients. If you notice unusual new dark spots or splotches appearing on your skin, consult a physician about the possibility of your medications contributing to increased melanin production.

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