Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Facial Scars Due to Blackhead Extraction

Facial Scars Due to Blackhead Extraction

Overview

Much like any other form of acne, blackheads are a result of dead skin and excess oil clogging the pores. It's often considered a minor form of acne, lacking the inflammatory response seen in papules, pustules, nodules and cysts. For blackheads, a number of different treatment methods are available to remove the dead skin and excess oil clogging the pores. One of these methods is the manual withdrawal of comedonal material with what's known as a comedone extractor.

Comedone Extractor

A comedone extractor is a metal utensil with a fine loop or spoon on either end to remove the comedonal material. You place the loop or spoon of the tool directly over the comedone and then gently press it into the skin. The force causes the obstruction to dislodge from the pore and come to the surface of the skin, where you can easily scoop it away, thereby removing the cause of the acne.

Effects

Although the comedonal material is removed, the process of extracting it could lead to a permanent scar. The pressure from the tool can damage the skin or cause the follicular wall of the affected pore to rupture. Skin damage can directly result in the formation of scar tissue, while a rupture can increase the severity of your acne, triggering a papule, pustule, nodule or cyst. These inflammatory forms of acne are more likely to bring about scarring than comedones.

Recommendation

While comedone extractors are available for purchase, it's best to reserve their use to professionals. Trained aestheticians and dermatologists are better familiar with the proper techniques to manually extract blackheads, reducing the chances of infection or injury. They will first steam the skin to loosen the clogged material and then use sterilized equipment to extract the material.

Treatment

Once a scar forms as a result of blackhead extraction, medical intervention is necessary to remove the scar tissue. Depending on the severity of scarring, your dermatologist can recommend the most appropriate form of treatment, including microdermabrasion, dermabrasion, laser therapy, light therapy, radiofrequency treatments or soft tissue fillers, explains the Mayo Clinic. These treatments can remove scar tissue, as well as smooth indentations in the rest of your skin.

Prevention

To prevent facial scars from blackhead extraction, consider turning to other forms of acne treatment to rid the skin of blackheads. Over-the-counter and prescription acne creams can remove dead skin, dry up excess oil and even reduce pore obstruction causing blackheads.

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