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Different Types of Wounds

Different Types of Wounds Different Types of Wounds Different Types of Wounds

The term "wound" means that the skin has either been torn or punctured or that it has been bruised by some type of blunt force trauma. Wounds can occur in many different forms and cause a variety of symptoms depending on the wound type. Proper identification of the wound is necessary to determine the appropriate treatment. There are two main categories of wounds; an open wound and a closed wound. According to Mayo Clinic, basic wound care includes stopping the bleeding, cleaning the wound, applying antibiotics, covering the wound, changing the dressing, and checking for signs of infection.

Abrasion Wounds

An abrasion is a scrape where the outer layers of the skin are rubbed off. They often occur when an individual falls during some sort of sporting activity and can range from minor scrapes to deep abrasions. An abrasion does not penetrate the full thickness of the skin and you should not be able to see fat tissue. Abrasions are generally very dirty wounds and require careful cleaning to help prevent infection.

Puncture Wounds

A puncture wound typically occurs when a person steps on something sharp, such as a nail. Risk of infection with a puncture wound is generally high, because the object that caused the wound will often be dirty, carrying tetanus spores or other bacteria. Puncture wounds can be caused by animal or human bites which are very likely to cause infection.

Laceration Wounds

Lacerations are commonly known as gashes and generally have jagged, irregular edges with lots of torn tissue. These wounds are generally caused by blunt objects rather than sharp ones such as knifes. These wounds are torn rather than cut, but can penetrate the full thickness of the tissue and lead to profuse bleeding in some cases, according to Injuryinformation.com.

Avulsion Wounds

An avulsion wound occurs when skin is torn away from the body and usually causes very heavy bleeding. Avulsion wounds can be difficult to treat and clean. In some situations, the avulsed portion of tissue may be surgically reattached and should be transported to the doctor with the patient for evaluation.

Amputation

An amputation wound occurs when a part of the body, usually a digit or limb, is traumatically and non-surgically severed from the body. According to the National Institutes of Health, amputated limbs can often be successfully reattached by surgeons when proper care is taken of the severed limb. Any amputated limb should be placed on ice and transported to the hospital with the patient. Bleeding, shock and infection are all serious considerations with any amputation wound.

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