Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Cures for Pimples & Acne

Cures for Pimples & Acne Cures for Pimples & Acne Cures for Pimples & Acne

For those who suffer from acne, finding the appropriate treatment can be confusing and expensive. Treatments vary from over-the-counter products to powerful prescription medications. If you suffer from acne, learn a little bit about the available treatments and then speak to your dermatologist about creating a comprehensive treatment plan that will work for your specific needs.

Topical Antimicrobials

Topical antimicrobials, applied to the skin as creams or gels, combat the bacteria that can contribute to acne. Benzoyl peroxide, a common antimicrobial, is available without a prescription. This medication unclogs pores, reduces excess oil and fights bacteria. Benzoyl peroxide is available OTC in concentrations of 2.5 percent to 10 percent. Many OTC cleansers and creams contain benzoyl peroxide. It is also thought to increase the effectiveness of other topical medications when combined with them in treatment. Erythromycin and clindamycin are prescription topical antimicrobials that also reduce the inflammation associated with acne. The most common side effect of topical antimicrobial treatment is excessive drying of the skin.

Topical Retinoids

Topical retinoids are derived from vitamin A, and have been very effective at treating mild to moderately severe acne. According to the American Academy of Dermatology's AcneNet, topical retinoids unclog pores, prevent new whiteheads and blackheads from forming and reduce inflammation. Retinoids may also diminish the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. Sun sensitivity, skin irritation and dryness are possible side effects of retinoid treatment. Tretinoin, adapalene and tazarotene are examples of topical retinoids.

Isotretinoin

Isotretinoin is the strongest treatment available for acne and is often reserved for chronic severe acne or acne that hasn't responded to other treatments. It is a synthetic retinoid, but it comes in the form of a pill. Treatment with isotretinoin typically lasts about four to six months. It works to unclog pores, fight bacteria, control oil production and reduce inflammation. Side effects include depression, nausea, headache, vomiting, abdominal pain and dry skin and eyes. Women are required to be on two reliable forms of birth control during treatment because of the high incidence of birth defects associated with isotretinoin.

Light Therapy

Light therapy works to treat acne from underneath, unlike laser resurfacing, which removes the top layer of skin. According to the Mayo Clinic, blue light therapy is a painless procedure that kills P. acnes, the bacteria that cause acne. Pulsed light therapy also reduces bacteria and shrinks the oil glands, which reduces oil production. Ongoing treatment may be necessary to achieve lasting results. The most common side effects of light therapy are dryness and temporary redness of the treated areas.

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