Consumer Guide for Skin Care
Good facial care brings several personal care and consumer skills together in the pursuit of healthy skin. You need diligence to perform skin care daily. You need to know your skin type and any sensitivities to environments or cosmetic products. You need to incorporate proper skin care techniques to prevent skin damage. And you need to know how to shop for creams, lotions and soaps in a marketplace of millions of cosmetic products.
Doctors at the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) suggest limiting the number of skin care products that you use. The sensitive skin of the face, especially, may react to multiple compounds. Consumers should start with three basic cosmetic products, and add only those that address specific skin concerns after that. A cleanser, a moisturizer and a sunscreen formulated for your type are the big three.
The quality of healthy skin falls into one of three type categories--dry, oily and a combination of the two. Yours may also be prone to acne, dermatitis or another sensitive skin condition. As you get older, your skin changes and may need more specific treatment. Both skin care products and techniques should be adjusted for these criteria.
Dermatologists suggest cleansing and moisturizing twice daily and using sunscreen on exposed skin every day. Morning facial care includes washing with gentle soap, using fingertips rather than a washcloth and then patting on a light moisturizing cream. You should finish with sunscreen. Reapply sunblock cosmetic products, as they wear off after sweating or showering. Evening facial care entails cleansing and moisturizing, and applying a heavier night cream, if your skin is dry or aging.
Cleansing is the first step toward healthy skin. It removes debris and dead skin cells, encouraging the growth of new skin. Moisturizer protects this ever-changing barrier by sealing water in and dirt out. A full-spectrum sunscreen offers protection from UVA and UVB rays, which would otherwise penetrate skin tissue and cause incremental damage over time. Using sunscreen products that absorb these harmful rays on a daily basis can delay the visible effects of aging, such as wrinkles and age spots, and even prevent skin cancer.
An important effort in your quest for healthy skin is buying the right facial care products. The AAD recommends hypoallergenic formulas, preferably without added fragrance, color or formaldehyde. Sunscreen is most effective at SPF 30 strength or higher. Cleansers and moisturizers should accommodate your skin type with their oil content and be noncomedogenic, if you have acne. Among all the products on the market today, dermatologists stand firmly behind these three main skin care tools.
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