Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Clenziderm for Acne

Clenziderm for Acne

Overview

Most people get acne, almost always when they're teenagers but sometimes in their adult years, too. Despite the introduction of new types of light-based and laser acne treatments, topical benzoyl peroxide remains the top non-prescription treatment for pimples, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Obagi Medical Products' Clenziderm acne medication offers benzoyl peroxide in a patented form to treat acne.

Acne Causes

Acne results from a complicated series of events below the surface of the skin. In teens and in some adults, the skin reacts to hormonal stimulation by producing too much oil, according to the Cleveland Clinic. When the extra oil produced by the skin combines with skin cells that have been sloughed off, the resulting pasty substance can clog pores. This also produces inviting conditions for bacteria to reproduce. As a result, the clogged pores erupt into infected pimples.

Function

Clenziderm features 5 percent benzoyl peroxide as its active ingredient, according to the company website. Topical benzoyl peroxide helps to kill bacteria in the skin and also helps to dry the skin out, removing excess oil and debris, according to Drugs.com. Clenziderm, manufactured and sold by the skin products company Obagi Medical Products, comes in two formulations: one for normal-to-oily skin and one for normal-to-dry skin. Each kit contains a daily care foaming cleanser, pore therapy designed to help hydrate the skin and clear pores, and serum gel, which contains benzoyl peroxide. Clenziderm kits sell for about $60 online.

Application

Acne sufferers using Clenziderm first use the foaming cleanser with 2 percent salicylic acid, applying a dime-sized amount and massaging it into their skin for about half a minute. After rinsing this and waiting for up to 15 minutes, users apply the pore therapy with a cotton ball or pad, leaving the product on the skin to dry thoroughly. Lastly, the manufacturer says, users apply the serum gel, using one pump from the dispenser to cover all their affected skin, avoiding the eyes and the inside of the nose.

Research

According to Obagi, Clenziderm's patented form of benzoyl peroxide can penetrate deeper into pores without as much irritation as with other forms of benzoyl peroxide. Still, the manufacturer warns that temporary redness or stinging can occur, especially in people with sensitive skin. According to research presented by Dr. Mary Spellman at the 2007 American Academy of Dermatology annual meeting, Clenziderm resulted in about a 50 percent reduction in inflammatory acne lesions and a 34 percent reduction in non-inflammatory acne lesions over two weeks, comparable to a prescription product.

Considerations

Dr. Spellman's research suggests that Clenziderm does penetrate deeper into the hair follicles than other benzoyl peroxide products. However, benzoyl peroxide only treats one of acne's several causes -- excess bacteria. Some acne sufferers, especially those who have more severe acne, might need stronger medication to clear their complexion, according to the AAD. If Clenziderm fails to provide the results you need, you might want to consult with a dermatologist to review your prescription options.

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