Causes of Red Skin
Red skin can be a sign of inflammation, burns or allergies. Sometimes, the skin can become red due to chronic sun exposure. In some cases, skin redness can occur as a result of coming in contact with certain allergens. Skin redness can also occur due to prolonged pressure on the skin. The causes of red skin can be managed effectively.
A sunburn refers to reddened skin that results from prolonged ultraviolet light exposure. Specific sunburn symptoms include red and tender skin that is painful to the touch, blistering of the skin and peeling of the skin. Sometimes, fevers, nausea, a rash and chills can result. This is a severe reaction called sun poisoning. Sunburns are typically the worst 6 to 48 hours after sun exposure, says MedlinePlus.
Taking a cold shower and placing cool compresses on the burned regions may help manage the burn symptoms. Also, bandages can be placed on any blisters to prevent an infection from seeping into them. Sunscreen and light reflective clothing must be used to prevent any sunburns in the future.
Contact dermatitis is a type of skin inflammation that occurs as a result of an irritating material, says MedlinePlus. Symptoms of contact dermatitis include skin redness in the affected regions, itching, skin swelling, skin rashes or lesions and warmth of the skin area. Sometimes, the skin lesions can be draining or crusting.
Contact with a certain allergen leads to contact dermatitis. For example, acids, soaps, poison ivy, poison oak, metals, certain fabrics, perfumes, cosmetics and latex can lead to contact dermatitis.
Treatment for contact dermatitis involves thoroughly cleansing the skin to remove the allergen. Also, corticosteroid creams can be used on the affected skin to decrease any inflammation. Drying lotions and wet dressings can also be used to manage contact dermatitis symptoms.
The Mayo Clinic says that bedsores, also known as pressure sores or pressure ulcers, occur when the skin doesn't receive enough blood circulation to a certain area of the body.
Four stages of bedsores exist. Stage one is characterized by skin redness, warmth and pain. These ulcers are usually superficial and disappear after pressure is relieved.
Stage two bedsores involve skin deterioration of the skin's outer layer (epidermis) or middle layer (dermis). A wound develops and it appears as a blister or abrasion.
Stage three bedsores involves the third layer of skin called the hypodermis. Here, the bedsore resembles a deep crater, says the Mayo Clinic.
Stage four bedsores involves skin loss and damage to the joints, tendons (connect muscle to bone), muscle and bone.
MedlinePlus says that people using a wheelchair develop sores on their buttocks, tailbone, spine, shoulder blades and the back of their arms or legs. People who are confined to the bed develop bedsores on the backs of their heads, tailbone, hipbones, shoulders, shoulder blades and backs of the knees, toes and ankles.
Treatment involves changing positions so that the skin doesn't always receive the same amount of pressure. Using cushions, mattresses and pads can also help prevent bed sores. Other treatments involve cleaning the bedsores, removing any damaged tissue and dressing the wound with antibiotic cream and gauze. Sometimes, oral antibiotics can also be taken to treat bedsores.
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