Causes of Enlarged Facial Pores
Your pores play an important role on your skin. For example, as sebaceous glands produce protective sebum oil for your hair and skin, they use the pores as a transportation system to your skin's surface. Pores also play a role in the growth and production of hair strands. The size of a pore can vary from person to person, and even vary in size throughout your life. When pores become too large, they become more noticeable on the face. This increase in size can occur for a variety of reasons.
One main cause of large pores is the natural aging process. As your body gets older, it naturally begins to slow the production of an important protein called elastin. Elastin is responsible for providing skin with the ability to stretch and return to its original state. As elastin levels drop, the skin can begin to droop. Drooping skin around the pores can result in the pores stretching out, making them appear larger.
Excessive exposure to sun can also contribute to enlarged pores. According to Dr. Eric F. Bernstein, clinical associate professor at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, exposing the skin to the sun's harmful ultraviolet radiation can over time damage the elastin fibers of your skin.
This can lead to premature aging, also commonly referred to as photoaging. Photoaging causes the same effects on pores as natural aging does, but at an accelerated rate.
Comedones, more commonly known as acne whiteheads and blackheads, can also play a role in enlarged pores. A Comedone is a soft plug made up of a mixture of sebum oil and dead skin cells. These plugs form inside your follicles.
As pressure builds behind a comedone, the edges of the pore may expand. If the comedone forms deep inside the pores, it can give the appearance of an enlarged pore.
Hygiene may also play a role in enlarged pores. When the face goes unwashed for extended periods of time, dead skin cells, sebum and dirt can build up on the skin tissue. According to Dermatologist Audrey Kunin, M.D., these substances can build up around the edges of the pores, giving the appearance that the pores are larger than they actually are.
One major cause of large pores is genetics. Genetics determine your skin color, skin type and even the size of your pores and the rate in which they grow larger. The genetic causes of large pores are largely unavoidable. However, taking the necessary steps to keep pores clean and reduce your exposure to other pore-expanding causes, may reduce the prominence of pores on your body.
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