Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Causes and Cures For Adult Acne

Causes and Cures For Adult Acne Causes and Cures For Adult Acne

You believed one of the greatest acne myths proclaiming acne goes away when you become an adult, yet you find yourself out of your teenage years and struggling with acne. Don’t worry, you’re not alone. The American Academy reports that 40 to 50 million Americans suffer from acne in a single year. Understanding the causes and cures for adult acne can help you to clear your skin for good.

Types

Most adults with acne suffer from acne vulgaris, the most common type of acne and the same type most people suffer beginning in their teenage years. Acne conglobata is the most severe form of acne vulgaris, leading to the formation of large interconnecting lesions. It is most commonly found in men between 18 and 30 years old. Acne rosacea is another common type of acne that primarily affects women over 30, and forms a red rash on the forehead, cheeks, nose and around the mouth, accompanied by acne. Pyoderma faciale (rosacea fulminans) is another severe form of acne that primarily impacts women between the ages of 20 and 40.

Causes

Most types of acne have unknown causes, but there are known contributing factors. All acne types are the result of clogged pores, excess oil, inflammation and bacteria, and the depth of the clog and inflammation determines the type and severity of acne formed. Acne can be brought on by a dirty environment, excess stress, certain medications, changes in hormone levels and an overproduction of oil in the skin. Acne rosacea is believed to have hereditary and environmental causes and can be aggravated by hot foods, alcohol, extreme temperatures, sun, stress, strenuous exercise, hot baths, saunas and certain medications. There are no known causes of pyoderma faciale.

Acne Cure Basics

For all acne types, a daily skin regimen should be implemented that includes washing the skin with a gentle cleanser no more than twice per day, followed by the application of an acne treatment and an oil-free moisturizer. Acne treatment medications can include benzoyl peroxide, tea tree oil, tretinoin, antibiotics or azelaic acid. Tea tree oil is not recommended for acne rosacea.

Severe Acne Cases

Severe acne cases often require medication. Dermatologists may prescribe oral antibiotics to help aggressively treat bacterial infections. They may prescribe an isotretinoin commonly known as Accutane. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, isotretinoin is the only medication approved by the FDA to treat severe acne, though a dermatologist must monitor you closely for signs of physical and psychological side effects.

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