Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Blackhead Removal Methods

Blackhead Removal Methods Blackhead Removal Methods Blackhead Removal Methods

Blackheads are a type of acne that most often occur on the face but can also occur anywhere on the body. Also called comedones, blackheads emerge when hair follicles become clogged with dirt, dead skin cells and oil. Though there is no complete cure for blackheads, several treatment options can be used to remove them.

Tretinoin

Tretinoin is a prescription topical cream used to treat acne. It is effective because it increases cell turnover, which basically means that it sloughs off dead skin cells, making skin clearer and smoother. Tretinoin also helps to unclog pores and remove blackheads. This medication is available by prescription only. Typical side effects include redness, flaking, dryness and increased sun sensitivity. You may not see results for up to six months, according to Merck.com

Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion is a cosmetic procedure that removes blackheads, smooths skin and refines the appearance of large pores. It works by removing the topmost layer of the skin, effectively extricating dead skin cells that contribute to blackhead formation. Microdermabrasion can be successful in treating blackheads temporarily, but it is not a cure. This procedure is typically performed at a dermatologist's office. Side effects are mild and include some redness, irritation and peeling. You may need to repeat treatment every few months to keep blackheads at bay.

Chemical Peel

A chemical peel is another effective blackhead removal method. Like microdermabrasion, a chemical peel removes the top layer of skin to remove debris and unclog blocked pores. Alphahydroxy acid trichloroacetic acid chemical peels both help control and treat acne. These peels also decrease pore size and improve the overall appearance of skin, making it look tighter and smoother. It can take several treatments before all blackheads are removed, and repeat treatments will most likely be necessary to treat future blackheads.

Salicylic Acid

Salicylic acid is one of the most popular and effective ingredients in many over-the-counter acne medications. Though not as potent as tretinoin, salicylic acid is still a successful treatment option for comedogenic acne. It works by absorbing deep into pores to chemically exfoliate skin and unclog pores. It also loosens the bonds formed between skin cells that can lead to blocked pores. Thus it is both a treatment and a preventative measure. You will usually see results after several weeks of regular use. You may experience some redness, flaking and dryness when using salicylic acid. Always apply salicylic acid on clean, dry skin. Never apply this medication on irritated, swollen or broken skin.

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