Acne treatment Acne treatment

Black Head Treatments

Black Head Treatments Black Head Treatments

Blackheads are open comedones, according to the Mayo Clinic, which are soft plugs that form in the openings of hair follicles. When excess oil and dead skin build up within the pores, plugs are formed. Oxidation to these plugs causes the dark appearance of this form of acne. Treatments for blackheads typically revolve around self-care methods, but it is possible to improve the appearance of the skin with medical help.

Comedone Extractor

A comedone extractor is a hand-held device with a flat, open end that can be used to treat blackheads, according to information provided by Medical News Today. The opening is positioned around the blackhead. A slight, manual pressure is placed onto the device to cause the soft plug to protrude out of the affected pore, where it can then be swiped away from the skin. Each blackhead must be treated separately, so people with moderate to severe blackheads can expect this to be a time-consuming process.

Acne Creams

The Mayo Clinic recommends the use of acne creams to treat blackheads. Over-the-counter (OTC) acne creams typically contain benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid, which removes dead skin and dries excess oil that can contribute to this form of acne. Prescription acne creams work similarly to OTC products; however, they have higher concentrations of benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid. They also can contain other ingredients, like retinoids or antibiotics, which not only remove dead skin and dry excess oil but also help to kill bacteria.

Facial Treatments

Professional facials can also help to improve the appearance of blackheads. Combinations of deep cleansing and comedone extraction can help to remove blackheads from the skin. This form of treatment does not necessarily do anything to prevent additional breakouts, but it can improve the complexion in the short-term.

Oral Contraceptives

Oral contraceptives can help to improve the appearance of the skin for women, according to the Mayo Clinic. Typically, this form of treatment entails the medications of norgestimate and ethinyl estradiol, which are forms of progesterone and estrogen, respectively. For best results, they are taken by mouth daily.

Skin Rejuvenation

Though this form of treatment is often used to treat more moderate to severe forms of acne, people can see an improvement in blackheads with skin rejuvenation, such as chemical peels, dermabrasion and laser or light therapy, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. With chemical peels and dermabrasion, the topmost layer of the skin is removed to allow for new skin growth that does not currently have blackheads. For laser or light therapy, low-level laser or intense pulses of light are used to reduce oil production or kill bacteria that may be causing the comedones.

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