Basic Skin Care Information
Skin is the largest organ in your body and regenerates itself about every 27 days, according to the Cleveland Clinic. It requires proper care to perform its function of protecting your body. Your skin care regimen will change as you age; a variety of medications are available to treat specific skin problems.
Dry Skin Care
Dry skin is skin that scales or flakes off and is not caused by a specific medical condition, such as dermatitis. You can prevent dry skin by taking a shower no longer than 10 minutes with warm water. A longer shower can actually dry out your skin as will water that is too hot. Apply a moisturizer immediately after the shower to help your skin retain moisture.
The ultraviolet radiation in sunlight can permanently damage your skin by causing wrinkles, age spots, freckles and other discoloration. Exposure to the sun is also the most common cause of skin cancer, according to the Cleveland Clinic. Avoid the sun during the middle of the day, and apply a sunscreen if you must go out. Look for sunscreens with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15 and ensure that it provides protection against UVA and UVB light.
Acne is a skin condition that occurs when the pores become blocked by excess oil. It is most common during adolescence when the oil glands are at their most active. Clean the skin affected by gently to avoid rupturing the lesions, which can make the acne worse. Look for acne medications that include ingredients, such as benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid.
Skin loses elasticity as it ages, which causes it to become rough and wrinkled with enlarged pores. Environmental considerations, such as sun exposure and personal factors like smoking, can accelerate the aging of the skin. Anti-aging skin products that contain tretinoin can improve the texture of aging skin when you use it over a prolonged period of time.
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) are a class of acids that include citric, glycolic, lactic and tartaric acids. Products that contain AHAs can treat many skin problems, such as age spots, discoloration and fine lines. They may also be able to reduce the size of enlarged pores. The most common side effects of AHAs are mild irritation and an increased sensitivity to the sun.
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