Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Antibiotics That Can Prevent Acne

Antibiotics That Can Prevent Acne Antibiotics That Can Prevent Acne Antibiotics That Can Prevent Acne

Acne is a condition affected by hormones, dead skin cells and sebum that may cause bacteria to multiply in the pores. It can appear in a number of forms, including blackheads, whiteheads, pimples or pustules, in the most severe cases. While many people experience success in treating acne by careful cleansing and applying a topical treatment, others require the use of oral medications as a means to control acne. Antibiotics are a type of oral treatment, which kill the Propionibacterium acnes bacteria that cause acne.

Erythromycin

Erythromycin is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that works by preventing the bacteria's protein synthesis. A dermatologist may recommend that you combine erythromycin with a topical anti-acne medication, such as benzoyl peroxide. Erythromycin can cause side effects including increased sun sensitivity and gastrointestinal irritation, according to the American Academy of Dermatology.

Tetracycline

Tetracycline is a powerful antibiotic prescribed in those with acne symptoms that include papules, which are tiny, white hard bumps, and pustules, which are tiny, white, pus-filled bumps. Tetracycline dosage should reflect the level of acne experienced. For example, in severe acne cases, high doses of tetracycline may be prescribed. For others, 500 to 1,000mg may be appropriate in treating moderate acne, according to the AAD. Tetracycline should not be taken by pregnant women or breastfeeding mothers, because tetracycline use is associated with a number of adverse symptoms, including skeletal malformation.

Over time, you may be able to scale back tetracycline usage to a lower dose, which can provide similar results without the need for high levels of antibiotics.

Synthetic Tetracycline Derivatives

Some antibiotics are taken from bacterial cultures; others can be manufactured synthetically for treatment. Two such examples of tetracycline-like antibiotics that are synthetically manufactured include doxycycline and minocycline. Minocycline may be prescribed in instances where other antibiotics have not made a significant impact on the acne. While you can develop resistance to antibiotics over time, minocycline is a medication less associated with this.

Doxycycline is prescribed for inflammatory acne, which has symptoms of swelling, inflamed and painful cysts and redness, according to Womenshealth.gov. Just like tetracycline, doxycycline is associated with increased incidences of sun sensitivity.

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