Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acne Skin Laser Treatments

Acne Skin Laser Treatments Acne Skin Laser Treatments

Laser treatments for acne work by targeting either the sebaceous glands that produce oil or the Propionibacterium acnes bacterium that causes acne. They penetrate the deeper skin layers without damaging surface skin. Laser treatments are effective, but are usually reserved for acne that does not respond to traditional treatment.

Diode Laser Therapy

This laser therapy works by destroying the oil glands in the middle layer of the skin. A 2004 study published in Dermatologic Surgery showed that every patient saw a significant reduction in acne lesions, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Lesions decreased 37 percent after one treatment, 58 percent after two treatments and 83 percent after three treatments. Because treatment can be painful, a doctor applies an analgesic before treatment. Side effects are temporary and may include swelling or redness, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Smoothbeam Laser Treatment

Candela Smoothbeam laser therapy is approved by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of both acne and acne scars, according to the Baylor College of Medicine. This procedure combines skin heating and cooling. A laser light heats the middle layer of the skin. Simultaneously, cryogen spray cools the skin. The procedure kills the sebaceous hyperplasia bacterium that causes acne. It also restructures the glands that produce oil. Three or four treatments may be needed for long-term results. Side effects are rare, but may include pigment discoloration or blistering.

Photodynamic Therapy

Photodynamic therapy employs light therapy with topical medications. A doctor applies a photo-sensitizing agent to enhance the light therapy's effects. A doctor then performs red, pulsed or blue-light therapy. Side effects can be more bothersome than with other laser procedures. After the procedure, you may notice swelling, crusting of the skin, redness or additional acne formation. Because treated skin is more sensitive to light, the American Academy of Dermatology suggests avoiding direct sunlight for at least 48 hours after the procedure.

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