Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acne Medication for Children

Acne Medication for Children

KeepKidsHealthy.com, a website founded by Vincent Iannelli, M.D, a fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics, indicates that acne is a problem that affects most young people. Acne is caused by oil clogging pores in the skin, which can be affected by a variety of factors. Some kids can keep acne at bay by washing their skin with soap and water, especially after active play. Others can break out from bacteria or, most common at some point, hormones.

Benzoyl Peroxide

Benzoyl peroxide is available over-the-counter as a gel or cream. It comes in strengths including 2.5, 5 and 10 percent. This acne medication works by killing the P. acnes bacteria that play a role in the development of acne. It also clears clogged pores. Using the lowest formulation, 2.5 percent, should cause the least amount of irritation for children with soft, sensitive skin.

Keep Kids Healthy recommends applying benzoyl peroxide over the entire area in which breakouts occur, not just on current lesions. It's best to use this medication twice a day, after washing the skin with soap and water to remove dirt and oil.

Combination Medication

Because acne can have a few different causes, such as hormonal or bacterial (like P. acne), one kind of medication cannot address all of one child's needs. Prescription medications are available that have been combined with benzoyl peroxide, which happens to be one of the best medications on the market for combating pimples, according to Acne.org.

Benzamycin and Benzaclin are topical gels that combine an antibiotic with benzoyl peroxide---in these cases, Erythromycin or Clindamycin with 5 percent benzoyl peroxide. Antibiotics help heal inflamed acne lesions, kill the bacteria that causes P. acne and prevents bacteria from growing.

Retinoids

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center suggests trying prescription retinoids to treat acne in children. Differin and Retin-A are two examples of retinoid medications that, when applied to the skin, prevent pores from clogging. Retinoids also help slow the development of cells, and slows their ability to shed within the hair follicle

Oral Antibiotics

For moderate to moderately severe acne, according to Elizabeth Landolfo, MD, director of the Pediatric Primary Care Clinical Practice at Duke University, oral antibiotics along with a topical treatment may help youngsters with pustules or papules that cover more than one quarter of the face. Oral antibiotics, such as doxycycline, minocycline and sulfamethoxazole help kill the bacteria that cause acne. Some antibiotics, such as tetracycline, have anti-inflammatory properties. Along with an oral antibiotic, children can use over-the-counter benzoyl peroxide to spot-treat lesions.

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