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Acne And Hyperpigmentation

Acne And Hyperpigmentation Acne And Hyperpigmentation

 What is hyper pigmentation?

Hyper pigmentation is a discoloration of skin. It appears in different colors like pink or red, purple, brown or black depending on person's skin tone or depth of discoloration. People mix it up with scars although scars are different from hyper pigmentation. 

Hyper pigmentation is most common in dark skin people but it does not mean that fair skin people do not suffer with it.

Melanocyte are cells responsible for pigmentation. They are located at lower level of epidermis and produce a complex color substance called melanin. This substance travels to upper layer of epidermis and gives color to skin. Darker people posses greater amount of melanin, and lighter skin people posses less amount of melanin. Hyper pigmentation is caused by excess of melanin that is why dark skin people can get hyper pigmentation very easily.

Acne and hyper pigmentation:
Hyper pigmentation can be caused by wound, rash, acne or other different skin disease. Most commonly hyper pigmentation is occurred due to acne because acne is most common skin condition. If acne is more severe or inflamed the hyper pigmentation spot is more darker. How acne causes hyper pigmentation? If we squeeze or pop the pimple, a small mishandling can cause hyper pigmentation. Sometimes if we touch the pimples or zits continuously then it can cause hyper pigmentation.

Treatment options of hyper pigmentation?
Hyper pigmentation can disappear in a month, year or it can be permanent. There are many treatment options available for hyper pigmentation. Over the counter, and prescription medications are available for treating hyper pigmentation. If there is big difference between your original skin color and hyper pigmentation macule the longer time it will take to fade. Hydroquinone is most effective over the counter treatment for hyper pigmentation. It is available in lighter concentration 1% to 2% in over the counter products or with higher concentration 3% to 4% in prescription medications. Other effective prescription medications available are topical retiniods, glycolic acid and azelaic acid. The problem with these prescription medication is that they can have certain severe side effects.

Laser treatment, dermabrasion or micro dermabrasion are other treatment options available for treating these macules if prescription medications do not work. But all these treatment have some side effects as well. They may cause redness, inflammation or sometimes it cause more hyper pigmentation. Your doctor prescribe most appropriate treatment according to your skin condition. If you feel any of these side effects then report it to your dermatologist immediately.

Hyper pigmentation is post inflammatory skin condition generally caused by acne. It can be treated well but normally it takes months or years depending on skin condition. Before starting any over the counter treatment, it is necessary to discuss it with your health adviser because these treatments cause more hyper pigmentation.

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