Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acne & Acne Scar Solutions

Acne & Acne Scar Solutions Acne & Acne Scar Solutions Acne & Acne Scar Solutions

Overview

The acne cycle begins when your body produces too much oil, typically during adolescence and early adulthood. The excess oil clogs your pores, bacteria flourish in the oil plug, and you notice whiteheads, blackheads, pimples and pus-filled cysts, according to the American Academy of Dermatology, AAD. Most of the time, these blemishes clear up on their own or with treatment, leaving behind healthy unblemished skin. In some situations, however, acne can create unsightly scar tissue.

Types

Acne scars are categorized as raised or depressed, according to AcneNet. Raised scars develop when excess tissue piles up above the surface of the surrounding skin. Depressed scars, on the other hand, develop below the level of the surrounding tissue.

Raised Scars

Your doctor may recommend a chemical or a mechanical treatment for raised acne scars. She may apply a high-potency acid in a procedure known as a chemical peel to strip away successive layers of scar tissue, according to Adult Acne. Or she may use dermabrasion, a procedure that uses a machine to mechanically remove scar tissue and expose the underlying healthy skin, according to AAD. Another option is laser resurfacing with high-energy light that removes and remodels acne-scarred skin, according to AcneNet.

Keloids

Keloids, a type of raised scar made up of very thick nodules of scar tissue, are difficult to treat. Your dermatologist might inject medications such as corticosteroids or the antiviral protein interferon into the scar tissue, according to AcneNet. The goal is to soften and flatten the keloids scars, making them less visible.

Depressed Scars

When scar tissue is depressed, treatments are aimed at raising the pitted area of skin to the level of the surrounding tissue. Your doctor can do this by injecting fat tissue from another part of your body into the skin layer in a procedure known as an autologous fat transfer, according to Adult Acne. Alternately, he might opt to inject a chemical filler like collagen, hyaluronic acid or polymethylmethacrylate, according to AcneNet.

Severe Or Extensive Scars

If your acne scars are quite extensive or severe, you may be a candidate for a surgical procedure known as punch excision. Your doctor will use a device that looks like a cookie cutter to remove a section of scarred tissue. He can then close the wound by pulling the surrounding skin edges together or by doing a skin graft using tissue from another part of your body. To ensure the new area of skin doesn't scar further, your doctor may recommend undergo corticosteroid injections, radiation treatments or pressure garments during the recovery process.

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