Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acner.org: Acne treatment

Acne Abrasion Treatments

Acne Abrasion Treatments Acne Abrasion Treatments

Acne is a common skin condition that occurs when an overproduction of sebum (natural skin oils) mix with dead skin cells to form plugs in skin pores. These plugs are often referred to as comedones (blackhead or whiteheads). If allowed to become infected, these pores can progress into a serious case of acne, consisting of papules, pustules, nodes and even cysts. Depending on how serious the case of acne becomes, acne scarring may also develop. When it comes to treatments for acne, abrasion treatments are a common way to both prevent acne formation and lessen the presence of acne scarring.

Exfoliation

Exfoliation is a form of abrasion treatment that may both prevent acne or lessen the severity of acne scars. Exfoliants, commonly known as scrubs (such as face scrubs), are cosmetic products (lotions or gels) which contain small, sand-like abrasive particles. When massaged into the skin, the abrasive particles help dislodge dead skin cells, which can then be washed away with the product as it is rinsed off the skin. This helps prevent acne by reducing the amount of dead skin cells available to clog pores. It also helps reduce acne scarring by removing the outer layers of damaged skin, revealing the smoother skin beneath. Those experiencing current acne breakouts should be very careful when using exfoliants, as they can further irritate infected skin.

Dermabrasion

Dermabrasion can also be used to treat the effects of acne. Dermabrasion, also known as skin planing, is the practice of using an abrasive material that is affixed to a rotary device, to remove the outer layers of skin. The rotary wheel is put in motion, and the abrasive surface is placed against the skin. The abrasive actions sands down the surface of the skin, helping to remove damaged tissue from acne scars. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, dermabrasion also damages the skin tissue, but after a few weeks of healing, the new skin generally has a smoother appearance than the acne scar tissue.

Microdermabrasion

Microdermabrasion is similar to dermabrasion, but is less invasive, and thus is used for less serious acne scarring. Microdermabrasion uses a wand tool that blasts small particles of abrasive materials, such as zinc oxide or aluminum oxide crystals, at the skin. The force of the crystals against the skin acts as a sand blaster, slowly removing the outer layers of skin tissue. Microdermabrasion may also employ a suction device which sucks the removed dead skin cells away from the skin during the procedure. According to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS), multiple procedures on the acne-scarred areas may be necessary to show noticeable result.

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