About Cystic Acne Skin Care
Almost all of us have experienced the challenges of acne, a common skin disease that causes people to break out with whiteheads and blackheads that can become inflamed. However, some of us experience the painful challenges of cystic acne, which has all of the traits of acne, plus deep and painful lesions that are solid or pus-filled and can cause scarring. It affects people of all ages and can occur almost anywhere on the body.
According to the U.S. National Institutes of Health, if the oil glands at the base of your pores produce too much oil, they can cause the pores to become blocked with accumulating dirt and bacteria, forming whiteheads or blackheads. If the whitehead or blackhead ruptures, the oil and bacteria in the blemish spread to the surrounding area and cause an inflammation. Inflammations deep within your skin can form painful cysts or nodules. Cystic acne can be caused by changes in hormones levels, such as during puberty, pregnancy or with birth-control pills. These hormonal changes can cause the oil glands under your skin to enlarge and make too much oil. You can also inherit the tendency to develop acne from your parents.
Unlike mild or moderate acne, cystic acne must be treated by a dermatologist. However, there are a number of steps you can take to improve your skin. The U.S. National Institutes of Health recommends that you gently wash your face with a mild cleanser or nondrying soaps twice a day and after heavy exercise. Be sure to remove all dirt. If you have acne and use cosmetics, use oil-free noncomedogenic products called that don't promote the cause pores to close. Be sure to remove all cosmetics when washing your face.
Making It Worse
The U.S. National Institutes of Health warns people with acne not to rub or touch affected skin. Squeezing or picking at acne can lead to skin infections, scars, or dark blotches. It is also recommended avoiding strong soaps and rough pads, which can further aggravate your skin, and headbands that can trap oil and reduce the amount of air circulating around your skin. Avoid greasy or oily cosmetics and lotions that can cause acne by altering follicle cells and causing them to stick together and block your pores.
High levels of humidity and pollution can also cause an acne breakout. Working in a greasy environment, such as kitchens with deep-fat fryers, can contribute to acne breakouts.
The American Academy of Dermatology advises patience when treating cystic acne because it takes longer to treat than mild to moderate acne. Some medications need up to 20 weeks to be fully effective, and your skin may seem to get worse before it gets better. Physicians can prescribe oral or topical medications, or a combination of both, to address oil production, bacteria growth and skin inflammation.
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