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5 Things You Need to Know About Acne Pigmentation

5 Things You Need to Know About Acne Pigmentation 5 Things You Need to Know About Acne Pigmentation

1. The Dark Side

Acne comes from infected hair follicles and sebaceous glands on the face. When a pore or follicle is infected, melanin, the substance that gives our skin pigmentation, goes into production overdrive. Hyperpigmentation is the leftover pigment from the overproduction of melanin after acne lesions heal. The deeper the infection from the acne lesion, the more discoloration of the skin remains.

2. Shady Solutions

One of the biggest reasons for overproduction of melanin in the skin is sun exposure. The sun triggers the melanocytes to produce more melanin. So, persons prone to acne or who suffer from acne need to avoid sun exposure. Not only does the sun cause skin to prematurely age, it's also one of the biggest causes of acne. Be sure and wear a high SPF sun block on your face or get a prescription sun block from your dermatologist.

3. Hands Off

You're mother was right when she told you not to pick or squeeze your blemishes and to keep your hands off your face. Acne sufferers who squeeze blemishes actually make hyperpigmentation worse. Blackheads aren't dirt. They're actually overproduction of melanin around the infected follicle or pore. The more trauma to the area from squeezing, the more the skin produces melanin. Every time you squeeze or pop a pimple you put yourself at greater risk for dark acne scars.

4. Let In the Light

There are a variety of treatments for acne pigmentation scarring. Microdermabrasion is a great option since the treatment helps remove the top layer of the dermis where most of the scarring and pigmentation takes place. It does take several weeks of microdermabrasion to see improvement in hyperpigmentation. Collagen injections are another option, but are primarily for deep pitting and not necessarily for pigmentation issues. Some dermatologist use laser therapy, but in many cases this type of therapy may make pigmentation issues worse over time.

5. Vinegar Without Oil

One of the oldest home remedies for acne and the pigmentation problems that come with it is vinegar. Most people use apple cider vinegar, but any vinegar is a natural exfoliant. Applied topically, it helps clean out infection, balance skin pH and reduce hyperpigmentation. Use apple cider vinegar at a strength of eight parts water to one part vinegar and apply to a clean face with a cotton ball. Not only is this the cheapest acne treatment out there, for many people it's the most effective.

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