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5 Things You Need to Know About Acne Care

5 Things You Need to Know About Acne Care 5 Things You Need to Know About Acne Care

1. Clean Skin Equals Clear Skin

Teen acne is caused by the over production of sebum, or oil on the face. When puberty strikes, the production of the hormone androgen kicks into overdrive. Tiny hair follicles on the face, called pores, clog with excess sebum resulting in a blemish. A blemish starts well beneath the surface of the skin and appears visible in about three weeks. The best defense against all that oil is gently cleansing twice per day. Keeping your skin clean without stripping it of all its natural oils is the key, so use a gentle cleanser, toner and moisturizer.

2. Put Down the Scrub

Acne prone skin is especially sensitive to harsh chemicals and exfoliation. Although gentle exfoliation helps skin get rid of dead skin cells, over scrubbing damages the skin, causes scarring and leads to more breakouts. When using a scrub make sure it has tiny granules and not large scrubbing particles. Exfoliate no more than once per week. If your skin gets irritated or seem more inflamed after exfoliation let it go and check with your dermatologist before using scrubs again.

3. Alcohol Aggravation

Many acne treatments contain high levels of isopropyl, or rubbing alcohol. This type of alcohol is a drying agent and can leave skin feeling tight and over dry. Even though less oil generally means less acne, over dry skin can backfire and begin to over produce oil. Since acne prone skin already overproduces oil, alcohol based products will only make the condition worse. Look for toners and cleansers that are alcohol free.

4. Hands Off

One of the best ways to prevent the spread of acne is by keeping your hands off your face. The temptation is to pick and squeeze inflamed blemishes to release the build up of pus. This actually drives bacteria further down in the face and makes the blemish even more stubborn and inflamed. Open bacteria from one area of the face transfer on the fingers and lead to breakouts elsewhere. Keeping your hands away from your face stops the spread of bacteria and allows blemishes to disappear with proper topical treatment.

5. Stay on Schedule

The best way to avoid breakouts is to get on a healthy skin care regimen and stick to it. Find over the counter products that work for you and use them both morning and night. Add extra topical acne treatments, like salicylic acid, when a blemish or breakout occurs. Use an oil free moisturizer with a touch of salicylic acid to replenish clean skin and help skin cell shed more evenly. Limit sun exposure and be careful of the makeup products you wear. Use an alcohol free makeup remover before cleansing to be sure you're cleaning your skin and not just removing your makeup.

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